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Размещение просителей убежища обеспечивается в приемном центре для иностранцев в Езево, куда обычно помещаются иностранцы, нелегально находящиеся на территории Хорватии, не подлежащие принудительной высылке, а также иностранцы, чья личность не установлена. Центр является закрытым объектом, и передвижение содержащихся в нем лиц ограничивается. Все находящиеся там иностранцы бесплатно получают питание, медицинскую помощь и социальные услуги. Следует отметить, что часть помещений приемного центра специально отведена для просителей убежища, которые содержатся отдельно от нелегальных иммигрантов. В настоящее время вместимость отделения для просителей убежища составляет 24 человека, однако ее можно увеличить на 10‑15 человек. Просители убежища находятся в Езево до двух дней, в течение которых выполняются все формальности, связанные с предоставлением убежища (снятие отпечатков пальцев, фотографирование, подача заявлений о предоставлении убежища, изготовление и выдача карточек, обязательная регистрация данных в ходе процедуры, а также первичный медицинский осмотр).
В ходе процедуры предоставления убежища просители получают информацию о своих правах и обязанностях, а также полезную информацию о неправительственных организациях, которые занимаются их попечением или предлагают им правовую помощь. Эти сведения предоставляются просителям убежища на их родных языках. В случае отсутствия информации на соответствующем языке проситель убежища информируется об этом при помощи устного переводчика.
При поступлении в центр каждый проситель убежища получает базовый гигиенический набор и, если это необходимо, соответствующие предметы одежды. Просители убежища, прибывающие из стран, в которых существует высокий риск инфицирования опасными болезнями, проходят в клинической инфекционной больнице д‑ра Франа Михалевича дополнительную медицинскую проверку на предмет выявления малярии и холеры в соответствии с постановлением министерства здравоохранения и социального обеспечения о гигиеническом и медицинском обследовании просителей убежища, лиц, получивших убежище, и иностранцев, находящихся под временной защитой, изданным на основе Предписаний о размещении. Это постановление вступило в силу 12 августа 2004 года.
По завершении вышеупомянутых процедур просители убежища помещаются в приемный центр для просителей убежища в Сасина-Греде неподалеку от Сисака (вместимость которого составляет 50 человек и в котором существуют условия для ее увеличения еще на 10 человек без снижения установленных норм). Приемный центр для просителей убежища в Сасина-Греде располагает 20 жилыми блоками, четырьмя санузлами, кухней, комнатой с телеприемником, спортивным залом, детской комнатой, мастерской, небольшой библиотекой, служебным помещением для персонала и помещением для проведения бесед и мероприятий представителями неправительственных организаций.
Когда позволяют условия, просители убежища проживают совместно с членами их семей, тогда как несопровождаемые женщины размещаются отдельно от мужчин. Несопровождаемые несовершеннолетние проживают в отдельных комнатах, а также могут передаваться на попечение старшим родственникам, друзьям, знакомым или приемным семьям. Так, Закон об убежище в своей статье 12 предусматривает, что близкие члены семьи просителя убежища, прибывшие в Хорватию вместе с просителем убежища, имеют право находиться в Республике Хорватии до завершения процедуры предоставления убежища. В соответствии с упомянутым принципом единства семьи до настоящего времени этот принцип неукоснительно соблюдался во всех случаях, когда просители убежища прибывали в сопровождении членов своих семей. Кроме того, особой заботой окружены уязвимые группы просителей убежища — нетрудоспособные лица, несовершеннолетние, безнадзорные дети, престарелые и немощные лица, тяжело больные лица, инвалиды, беременные женщины, одинокие матери и жертвы изнасилований или других форм насилия.
В Сасина-Греде просители убежища пользуются свободой передвижения, однако в отдельных случаях она ограничивается. Сотрудники приемного центра проводят опрос просителей убежища на предмет выяснения их основных потребностей в убежище. Они имеют право остаться в Республике Хорватия, а также право пользоваться базовыми условиями для обеспечения существования и жилища, получать базовое образование, медицинскую помощь, пользоваться религиозной свободой, получать правовую, гуманитарную и финансовую поддержку до полного завершения процедуры (или же в случае подачи жалобы — до завершения ее рассмотрения).
. Министерство внутренних дел заключило с хорватским Красным Крестом соглашение о сотрудничестве, и поэтому, кроме сотрудников министерства внутренних дел, в приемном центре работает также персонал хорватского Красного Креста. В соответствии с этим соглашением хорватский Красный Крест осуществляет социальные программы и снабжение продовольствием. Медицинская помощь предоставляется просителям убежища в ближайшей клинике, а если это необходимо, они направляются на медицинские обследования специалистами в медицинские учреждения Сисака и Загреба.
Сотрудники, занимающиеся приемом, размещением и обслуживанием просителей убежища, получают надлежащую подготовку для работы с ними (обучение по проекту «Реформа системы предоставления убежища» 2001 года в рамках СПВРС, а также по региональному проекту СПВРС, учебный модуль по вопросам предоставления убежища).
Следует отметить, что стандарты, касающиеся обращения с просителями убежища, в основном соответствуют Директиве Совета 2003/9/ЕС об установлении минимальных стандартов для приема искателей убежища от 27 января 2003 года. В настоящее время идет процесс принятия поправок к Закону об убежище и его согласования с нормами Европейского союза, который позволит устранить недостатки в их приеме и размещении на основе нового законодательства и при необходимости повысить стандарты на практике.
В 2003 году министерство внутренних дел/Полицейская академия издали и разослали всем подведомственным структурам пособие для сотрудников полиции, в котором доходчивым образом разъясняются стандарты их поведения при осуществлении ими своих служебных обязанностей, предусмотренных в Законе о полиции и Правилах служебной деятельности сотрудников полиции.
в 2008 году первая дестятка беженцев
Шри Ланка- 8,
Particular terms used in this Law shall have the following meanings: means the person who has no Croatian citizenship (foreign citizen and means the person defined in the 1951 Convention on the Status of means the refuge which is granted to the refugee in the Republic of means the protection offered to aliens in the Republic of
submission of the asylum application, i.e. the alien who submits the application for
means the alien who has expressed his/her intention for the
of this Law.
means a refugee who has been granted asylum pursuant to the provisions
who is, on entering the Republic of Croatia, not accompanied by parents or legal
is an alien who has not turned eighteen years of age and
guardians, or who has lost his parents or legal guardians after he had entered the
Republic of Croatia.
is the place where the asylee has settled down with the intention to live
«Foreign travel document»
passport, diplomatic passport, official passport, naval book, ship book and other
travel documents recognised under international law.
means the passport (personal or family), shared
«Alien travel document»
for persons without citizenship, and travel papers for aliens.
means the travel documents for refugees, travel document
«Country of origin»
which the person without citizenship had his/her former residence. If a person has
more than one citizenship, the country of origin is each one of the countries of
citizenship of the alien.
means the country of citizenship of the alien or the country in
«Safe third country»
Republic of Croatia, provided that:
1. he/she is safe from persecution or violation of human rights under the reasons
stated in Art. 4 of this Law,
2. it complies with the international principles of refugee protection contained in
the Geneva Convention and the Protocol,
3. he/she may legally return to that country and seek asylum without fear of
expulsion to the country where his or her life, safety, of freedom would be
means the country where the alien stayed prior to arrival to the
countries from the Paragraph 1, Sub-paragraph 12 of this Article and publishes it in
the Official Gazette.
The Government of the Republic of Croatia determines the list of the safe third
Prohibition of Forced Removal or Return
It is not allowed to forcibly remove or in any way return a refugee to a country where
his or her life or freedom would be threatened, because of racial, religious or national
affiliation; because of affiliation with a specific social group or political views or to a
country where he/she could be submitted to torture, inhuman or humiliating treatment
The prohibition of forced removal or return of refugees mentioned in par. 1 of this
Article shall not be applied to a person who is legitimately suspected that he/she
might represent a threat to the national security or public order in the Republic of
Croatia or to a person convicted of a serious felony by a final judgement who
represents a threat to society.
Right to Asylum
The Republic of Croatia shall grant asylum to an alien not in the country of his/her
origin and who, due to a justified fear of persecution by reason of his or her race,
religion, nationality or affiliation with a social group or political views, cannot or due to
that fear does not want to avail himself or herself of the protection of that state or to
the person without citizenship outside the country of former residence who cannot or
due to fear does not want to return to that state.
Reasons for Exclusion
The right to asylum shall not be granted to an alien for whom the data are collected,
which indicate that:
humanity defined by international documents and their provisions related to
he/she has committed a crime against peace, a war crime or a crime against
Croatia prior to having arrived to the Republic of Croatia,
he/she has committed a serious non-political crime outside the Republic of
helping or committing terrorist activities or in providing a refuge for the
participants of terrorist activities,
he/she has participated in planning, financing, organizing, or any other way of
The right to asylum shall not be granted to aliens receiving protection or assistance
from the bodies or agencies of the United Nations, except the Office of the High
Commissioner of the United Nations for Refugees (hereinafter: UNHCR).
When such protection or assistance from the item 2. of this Article has ceased for any
reason, without the position of such persons being definitively settled in accordance
with the relevant resolutions adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations,
these persons will be granted asylum if they meet conditions from the Article 4. of this
The right to asylum shall not be granted to persons who have been granted the same
rights and obligations as citizens of the Republic of Croatia by the competent bodies
of the Republic of Croatia.
he/she is giulty for acts contrary to the objectives and principles of the United
Bodies Competent to Decide on the Application
The Ministry of Internal Affairs shall decide about the application for asylum in the
The appeal against the Ministry of Internal Affairs` formal decision is allowed to be
lodged to the Government Commission of the Republic of Croatia for deciding about
the appeals of asylum seekers and asylees. (hereinafter: the Commission).
The administrative dispute agaist the Commission`s decision can be started at the
Administrative Court of the Republic of Croatia.
The Commission has got a president and 8 members appointed by the Government
of the Republic of Croatia upon the proposal of the minister of internal affairs, for the
4 — years period.
The president and the members of the Commission are appointed among the jurists,
who are employed at the state administration bodies or public services, with at least 5
years of working experience in the profession.
The Commission makes decisions in Councils consisting of 3 members. The Council
makes decisions by majority of votes.
The Commission is independent in its work.
Space and technical conditions for the Commission`s work are ensured by the
Ministry of Internal Affairs.
The Commission carries out the Statute about its work.
Submitting an Asylum Application
The application for asylum is submitted by an alien at the Accommodation Centre for
Intention for submitting the application for asylum may be expressed by an alien
while performing the border control at the border crossing.
If an alien is already at the territory of the Republic of Croatia, he may express his or
her intention to file the application for asylum at every police department or police
An alien, who expresses his or her intention to file the application for asylum with
another state body, shall be sent to the competent body from the paragraph 1 of this
Expressing the intention to file the application for asylum means any seeking of
protection against persecution in the sense of Article 4 of this Law.
Illegal Entry to the Republic of Croatia
A refugee who illegally enters the Republic of Croatia, coming directly from a territory
where his/her life or freedom was threatened in the sense of the Article 4. of this Law,
shall not be punished for illegal entry or stay if he/she files an application for asylum
with the Ministry of Internal Affairs without delay and if he/she presents legitimate
reasons for his/her illegal entry or stay.
Assistance to Asylum-Seekers
The asylum-seeker has to be enabled to submit his/her application for asylum as
soon as possible.
The asylum-seeker has to be informed about the procedure for granting asylum and
about rights and duties he/she has in the procedure, as well as about the possibility
to contact and get the charge-free legal counsel from the UNHCR representatives
and the representatives of other organizations dealing with the protection of
Co-operation with the UNHCR Office
With respect to the issues related to asylum-seekers or asylees, the competent state
authorities co-operate with the UNHCR Office.
The competent state authorities, at the request of the UNHCR Office, shall regularly
forward notices and statistical data about the following:
asylum-seekers and asylees in the Republic of Croatia,
relating to refugees,
application of the Geneva Convention and other international documents
related to refugees.
laws, provisions, and other legal regulations applied or being prepared and
Right to Stay of the Asylum-Seekers
The asylum-seeker is entitled to stay in the Republic of Croatia until the completion of
the procedure initiated by his or her application.
Members of the immediate family of the asylum-seeker, who have arrived to the
Republic of Croatia with the asylum-seeker, are entitled to stay in accordance with
par. 1 of this Article.
Language in the Procedure
If the asylum-seeker does not understand the language in which the procedure is
conducted, he or she shall be provided an interpreter for the language he/she
Women – Asylum Seekers
Women — asylum seekers are entitled to request that the procedure for asylum should
be conducted by a female person, if possible.
The provision under par. 1 of this Article shall be also applied to the providing of
The competent body for social welfare services shall appoint a legal guardian to the
unaccompanied minor seeking asylum.
Application for asylum submitted by an unaccompanied minor shall be resolved
within the shortest term possible.
The Ministry of Internal Affairs shall conduct the procedure taking into consideration
the degree of physical and mental maturity of the minor.
Adults without Business Capacity
An adult without business capacity seeking asylum has to be awarded a legal
guardian prior to the commencement of the procedure.
The legal guardian shall be designated by the competent body for social welfare in
accordance with law.
The persons mentioned in par. 1 of this Article are entitled to assistance and basic
care in accordance with separate regulations.
General Obligations of Asylum-Seekers
Asylum-seekers are obliged to comply with the Constitution, laws and other
regulations of the Republic of Croatia.
Asylum-seekers are obliged to co-operate with the competent state bodies of the
Republic of Croatia and act in accordance with their measures and instructions.
Restrictions of Political Activity
Asylum-seekers and asylees are not allowed to establish, join, support and act in
political and other groups active in or outside the Republic of Croatia, whose
programmes and activities are intended to disrupt the free democratic constitutional
order, threaten the existence of the Republic of Croatia, and whose activities are
contrary to the principles of international law.
Gathering of Personal Data
The Ministry of Internal Affairs may, for the needs of implementation of this Law,
gather personal data from asylum seekers.
The Ministry of Internal Affairs may also, without the agreement of the asylum seeker,
gather the data about him/her at the state administration bodies, the bodies of the
local and regional government units, legal entities and physical persons:
if it is the interest of the asylum seeker,
if it is allowed by Law or other regulation, or
The bodies, entities and persons from par. 2 of this Article, which have at their
disposal the data related to the asylum seeker, must give those data at the request of
the Ministry of Internal Affairs.
Personal and other data gathered during the asylum procedure shall represent an
official secret and shall not be delivered to the country of origin of the asylum-seeker
or other bodies not participating in the procedure.
Exceptionally, the following personal data of the asylum-seeker, whose asylum
application has been validly denied and who has to be forcibly removed, may be
revealed to the country of origin or other state accepting to admit him/her:
if it is necessary for checking the data about the alien.
members, data about documents issued by the country of origin and the last
address in that country;
first and last name, date of birth, gender, citizenship, data about family
Gathering and using the data from this Article has to be in accordance with the law
regulating the protection of personal data.
if necessary, finger-prints and photographs.
RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS OF ASYLUM-SEEKERS AND ASYLEES
RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS OF ASYLUM-SEEKERS
Rights of Asylum-Seekers
Asylum-seekers are entitled to:
provision of basic living and accommodation conditions,
access to courts and right to legal counsel,
Rights from the Paragraph 1 of this Article last until the completion of the asylum
procedure upon the submitted asylum application.
freedom of religion and religious upbringing of their children.
Obligations of Asylum-Seekers
Asylum-seekers have to:
the asylum procedure,
answer the calls of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and co-operate throughout
report to the Ministry of Internal Affairs any change of address within 3 days,
regarding any restriction of the freedom of movement,
comply with the instructions and measures of the Ministry of Internal Affairs
undergo identity verification measures,
In the case of not-respecting the provision of the Paragraph 1 of this Article, the right
to financial support from the Article 20 of this Law can be limited or revoked for the
not leave the Republic of Croatia for the duration of the asylum procedure.
Reception Centre for Asylum-Seekers
The aliens, who are passing the procedure for the recognition of asylum, are
accommodated at the Reception Centre for Asylum Seekers (hereinafter: Reception
Organization of the Reception Centre is arranged by the Decree on Internal
Organization of the Ministry of Internal Affairs.
At the Reception Centre, the Croatian Red Cross, the Croatian CARITAS, UNHCR
and other organizations, dealing with the protection of refugees` rights, may conduct
pedagogical, educational and similar programmes and offer charge-free legal
counsel, with the previous permission of the Ministry of Internal Affairs.
Asylum-seekers accommodated in the Reception Centre are provided basic living
aid in basic hygienic essentials.
Asylum-seekers may receive different forms of humanitarian aid.
Asylum-seekers in possession of basic financial means or whose living expenses are
covered on some other grounds are not entitled to financial support.
The rules for staying at the Reception Centre are regulated by house rules.
Scope of Health Care
Asylum-seekers shall be entitled to health care.
The scope of health care services shall be determined in accordance with the
regulations on health care of aliens.
Children -asylum-seekers shall enjoy full health care, the same as Croatian citizens.
RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS OF ASYLEES
Rights of the Asylee
The asylee shall be entitled to:
- health care,
- freedom of religion and religious upbringing of children,
- immediate-family reunions,
- right of access to courts and right to legal counsel,
- financial support, and
- assistance in inclusion into social life.
Obligations of the Asylee
The asylee shall be obliged to:
- comply with the Constitution, laws and other regulations of the Republic of Croatia ,
- report to the Ministry of Internal Affairs about the residence and change of address
within 8 days.
Right to Sojourn
For the purposes of this Law, the right to sojourn in the Republic of Croatia shall be
established by a legally valid decision by which the asylum-seeker is granted asylum,
and it shall be valid until the definitiveness of the decision on the revocation of the
Right to Accommodation
Asylees shall be provided accommodation according to the abilities of the Republic of
Croatia, and for the longest period of 6 months from the legal validity of the decision
by which the asylum seeker is granted asylum.
The right to accommodation shall be lost if the asylee refuses the awarded
Right to Work
Asylees and members of their immediate family have the right to work, in accordance
with the regulations about employment of aliens in the Republic of Croatia.
Right to Health Care
Asylees shall be entitled to health care in accordance with the regulations on health
care of aliens in the Republic of Croatia.
Right to Education
The asylee shall be entitled to elementary, secondary and university education,
under the same conditions as a Croatian citizen.
Right to Freedom of Religion and Religious Upbringing of Children
Asylees shall be guaranteed freedom of religion and freedom of religious upbringing
of their children.
Right to Family Reunion
An asylee staying in the Republic of Croatia shall be granted the right to reunite with
the members of his / her immediate family.
For the purposes of this Law, members of the immediate family of the asylee are:
- a spouse,
- children under age, who do not have families of their own, and
- parents or the guardian of the asylee under age.
The status of aliens mentioned in Paragraph 2, items 1 and 3 of the above, shall be
resolved in accordance with the regulations on the legal positions of aliens, while the
persons mentioned under Paragraph 2, item 2 of the above, shall share the legal
position of their parents or the guardian, to whom the asylee status has been
The right to a family reunion shall be granted to the alien mentioned under Paragraph
2, item 1 of the above, only if the marriage was concluded prior to his or her arrival to
the Republic of Croatia.
Right to Access to Courts and Right to Legal Aid
Asylees and their immediate family members shall have right to access to courts and
right to legal aid.
Right to Financial Support
The asylee who does not earn, who does not possess any property, and who does
not have anybody obliged and capable of supporting him/her, shall be entitled to
financial support, in accordance with the regulations on social care.
The asylee, who refuses to accept an offered job, shall lose the right to financial
Rights of Members of the Asylee’s Immediate Family
The rights mentioned in Article 24 of this Law shall be also enjoyed by the members
of the asylee’s immediate family living with the asylee in the Republic of Croatia.
Assistance in Inclusion into Society
The Republic of Croatia, according to its abilities, shall procure conditions for the
inclusion of an asylee to the cultural, economic and social life.
Special attention shall be paid to:
- organisation of Croatian language courses,
- organisation of courses, seminars and other forms of education and professional
- providing information about Croatian history, culture and state organisation.
ASYLUM RECOGNITION PROCEDURE
Application of the Law on General Administrative Procedure
The provisions of the Law on General Administrative Procedure, unless stipulated
otherwise hereby, shall be applied in the asylum recognition procedure.
Uniformity of the Procedure
The alien who submits the asylum application cannot submit the application for the
issuance of the residence permit in accordance with the regulations on the status of
Accommodation of the Asylum-Seeker
The alien who has submitted the asylum application shall be accommodated at the
Reception Centre for the duration of the procedure.
If the asylum-seeker has got his/her own means of support or his/her accommodation
and care have been provided in some other way, the Ministry of Internal Affairs, after
seven days of stay at the Reception Centre, shall determine that the asylum-seeker
stays outside the Centre.
Accommodation services for the asylum seeker may be performed by legal entities
and physical persons, under the conditions and in the manner determined by the
minister of social care with the consent of the minister of internal affairs.
Restriction of Movement
The movement of the asylum-seeker may be restricted by reason of:
- mentioned in Article 5, Paragraph 1, item 3,
- determining his or her identity,
- preventing the spread of infectious diseases, or
- violation of law and other regulations, and measures taken in order to maintain the
The movement may be restricted by:
- the prohibition to move outside the Reception Centre,
- the prohibition to move outside the specified area, or
- the prohibition to leave a specified address.
The movement shall be restricted for a period of up to 3 months, and in particularly
justified circumstances it may be extended for another month.
Exceptionally from the Paragraph 3 of this Article, the restriction of movement for the
reasons mentioned in Paragraph 1, item 3 of this Article is valid as long as reasons
for the restriction exist.
The Ministry of Internal Affairs determines the restriction of movement by a formal
The asylum seeker may submit an appeal against the above formal decision of the
Ministry of Internal Affairs to the Commission within 8 days.
The appeal does not postpone the enforcement of the formal decision.
The Commission is obliged to decide about the appeal within 8 days.
Dismissal of the Application
The asylum application shall be dismissed in a conclusion if:
- the asylum-seeker is coming from a safe third country, in the sense of Article 2 of
- the asylum application of the asylum-seeker in the Republic of Croatia has already
been rejected, dismissed or the procedure has been suspended, and he or she has
not submitted the evidence that the circumstances on which he or she had based his
or her previous application have substantially changed in the meantime.
The asylum-seeker may lodge the appeal against the conclusion on dismissal of the
application to the Commission within 8 days.
The Commission decides on the appeal within 30 days from the day of lodging the
Rejection of the Application
The asylum application shall be rejected:
- if the asylum-seeker does not fulfil the conditions for recognition of asylum pursuant
to Article 4 of the above;
- if any of the reasons from Article 5 of the above exist;
- if the application is obviously unfounded,
- if the asylum-seeker has also the citizenship of a third country whose protection he
or she has not requested.
Against the decision on rejection of the application as obviously unfounded, the
asylum seeker may lodge the appeal to the Commission within 8 days.
The Commission decides on the appeal from paragraph 2 of this Article within 30
days from the day of lodging the appeal.
Obviously Unfounded Application
An application is obviously unfounded if:
contradictory and inconsistent,
it obviously lacks credibility, i.e. the statement of an asylum-seeker is
be subject to fear of persecution, as in Art. 4 of the above,
it lacks content, i.e. the asylum-seeker gives no indications that he/she would
the asylum-seeker has arrived to the Republic of Croatia for economic reasons
his/her own country,
the asylum-seeker might have been given efficient protection in another part of
the country of origin, it may be generally considered that there may not be a
founded fear of persecution,
for general political circumstances, legal situation or implementation of laws in
another country that implements the Geneva Convention stipulations, while
the circumstances whereupon his/her application is founded have not
the asylum seeker`s application for recognition of asylum was prior rejected in
it is based on intentional fraud or misuse of asylum procedure.
Fraud and Misuse of the Procedure
Fraud and misuse of the procedure shall be considered a case when the asylumseeker:
- bases his or her application on false identity or forged or falsified documents, unless
he/she states justified reasons for doing so;
- bases his/her application on false reasons;
- deliberately destroys his/her passport, travel ticket or other document which might
be applied in the adoption of a decision on the asylum application, unless he/she
states justified reasons for doing so;
- conceals the fact that he/she had earlier submitted an asylum application in another
country, in particular if using a false identity;
- submits the application with the obvious intention of postponing the forced removal
pursuant to the decision of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. .
Suspension of the Procedure
The asylum recognition procedure is suspended regardless of its phase if:
the asylum-seeker withdraws the asylum application;
does not appear at the interview without a justified reason;
despite the notification of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the asylum-seeker
about the change of his or her address without a justified reason, or in some
other way prevents the service of the notification;
the asylum seeker does not inform on time the Ministry of Internal Affairs
the asylum-seeker does not participate in the verification of his or her identity;
circumstances, or to enclose evidence in his or her possession relevant for
determining the legitimacy of the application, or
the asylum seeker avoids to provide the information about facts and
the asylum seeker leaves the Republic of Croatia during the procedure.
Participation of Other Persons in the Asylum Procedure
The procedure for the recognition of asylum is closed to the public.
The following persons have to participate in the asylum recognition procedure:
- legal representative or guardian of an unaccompanied minor,
- guardian of an adult without business capacity.
Exceptionally from the Paragraph 1 of this Article, if the asylum seeker does not
object, an UNHCR representative may also participate in the first-instance procedure,
as well may the other organizations dealing with refugees` rights protection.
Procedure before the Administrative Court
The submission of the complaint or the procedure before the Administrative Court is
governed by the provisions of the law regulating administrative disputes.
Revocation of Asylum
The Mnistry of Internal Affairs shall revoke the status to the asylee by a formal
1. he/she voluntarily avails himself/herself under the protection of the country of origin
or some other country of his/her former residence;
2. he/she acquires the citizenship and enjoys the protection of the country of
3. the circumstances which led to his / her acquisition of the asylee status no longer
4. it is subsequently discovered that he/she acquired the status by presenting false
material facts and circumstances, or that he/she has also other citizenship, or that the
provisions of Article 5 hereof should have been applied had the decisive facts been
5. he/she violates the prohibition from Article 18 hereof;
6. he/she has moved out of the Republic of Croatia with a written statement about
moving out, or if he/she is staying outside the Republic of Croatia for more than 90
days without having informed the Ministry of Internal Affairs thereof.
7. the safety measure of expulsion has been pronounced to him/her.
In the events from item 3 Paragraph 1 of this Article, the asylee shall retain his/her
status if he/she provides the evidence on his/her well-founded fear of persecution.
The asylum-seeker whose asylum application has been rejected or dismissed, or the
procedure has been suspended, and who is illegally sojourning in the territory of the
Republic of Croatia shall be forcibly removed in accordance with the provisions of the
law regulating the movement and sojourn of aliens.
CERTIFICATES AND DOCUMENTS
Issuance of Certificates, Documents and Visas
The Ministry of Internal Affairs shall issue to asylum-seekers:
- the certificate of submission of the asylum application, and
- the identity card for asylum-seeker.
The Ministry of Internal Affairs shall issue to asylees:
- the travel document for asylees at their request
- the personal identity card for asylees, and
- the visa at their request.
Temporary Retention of Foreign Documents
The Ministry of Internal Affairs may retain a foreign travel document or other
identification document of the asylum seeker and the asylee upon the issuance of the
certificates and documents listed in Article 50, Paragraph 1 and 2, if so required by
the reasons of protection of national security or public order.
The above listed documents may be retained:
- until the termination of the asylee status,
- as long as the reasons for their retention exist.
A certificate shall be issued about the temporary retention of foreign documents.
Identity Card for Asylum-Seeker
The identity card for asylum-seeker shall serve as evidence of having submitted the
asylum application and of residence permit in the Republic of Croatia until the
completion of the procedure.
The identity card for asylum-seeker shall be also issued to members of the asylumseeker’s
immediate family in accordance with Article 12, Paragraph 2 hereof.
Travel Document for Asylee
The asylee shall be issued the asylee travel document at his/her own request.
The asylee travel document is issued for the period of 2 years.
The application for the issuance of the asylee travel document shall be submitted by
a legal representative or a guardian on behalf of persons under 18 years of age, or
persons who are partially or fully deprived of business capacity.
The minor shall be entitled to the personal asylee travel document, but may also be
entered in the travel document of his / her legal representative or guardian until
he/she turns 15 years of age.
Personal Identity Card for Asylee
The asylee personal identity card is issued for the period of 5 years.
Return of the Identity Card
The identity card for asylum-seeker, the asylee travel document and the asylee
personal identity card have to be returned to the Ministry of Internal Affairs upon
completion of the procedure, or upon the revocation of the asylee status or in the
case of replacement.
In the procedure of return, replacement, lost, disappearance or theft of the
documents from Paragraph 1 of this Article, the provisions of the law regulating the
movement and sojourn of aliens are applied.
Granting of temporary protection
Temporary protection shall be granted to aliens who massively arrive in the Republic
of Croatia from the country in which, due to a war or a war-like situation, general
violence or internal conflicts, the violation of human rights occurred, if the country of
their origin is not able to protect them.
Aliens from the Paragraph 1 of this Article, who are citizens of the country which they
have fled from or who are without citizenship, shall be granted temporary protection
under the condition that they:
a temporary or permanent residence in that country, and that, for such a
situation, had come directly to the Republic of Croatia,
before the occurrence of the situation from the Paragraph 1 of this Article, had
situation, and upon the expiry of the legal sojourn their return to the country of
origin is temporarily not possible.
Assessment of the situation on the needs of granting international protection to the
persons from the Paragraph 1 of this Article is made by the Government of the
Republic of Croatia.
Taking into consideration the economic and other possibilities of the Republic of
Croatia, and the reasons of national security, public law and order, etc., the
Government of the Republic of Croatia may determine the number of persons who
shall be given temporary protection and the conditions for which that number may be
sojourned legally in the Republic of Croatia at the time of occurrence of such a
Competence for Approval and Duration of Temporary Protection
The Ministry of Internal Affairs shall grant temporary protection for a period of 6
Temporary protection may be extended for a period of 6 months if the justified
reasons for its granting exist, but at most for a period of up to 3 years.
Reasons for Denying of Temporary Protection
Temporary protection shall not be granted to an alien if:
- the reasons mentioned in Article 56 of this Laws do not exist,
- the reasons mentioned in Articles 5 and 18 of this Law do exist,
- he/she has committed a felony in the Republic of Croatia for which he/she has been
punished by a prison sentence in the duration of at least 5 years, and which has still
not been deleted from criminal records,
- he/she has the status of asylee or status recognised by the provisions of the law
regulating the movement and sojourn of aliens,
- he/she enjoys international protection, or has citizenship, or regulated stay in a third
Termination of Temporary Protection
Temporary protection of an alien terminates:
- by the expiration of the set term,
- when the reasons for temporary protection no longer exist,
- when the alien leaves the Republic of Croatia,
- if the alien has been granted protection pursuant to some other law or an
- if the alien enjoys international protection, or has regulated sojourn in a third
- if the alien has been pronounced the safety or protective measure of expulsion.
Rights and Obligations of Aliens under Temporary Protection
The alien who has been granted temporary protection in the Republic of Croatia is
- basic living conditions and accommodation,
- health care,
- primary and secondary education,
- legal counsel,
- freedom of religion.
The obligations stipulated by Article 25 of this Law shall be applied also to aliens who
have been granted temporary protection.
Right to Family Reunion
By way of an exception, besides the rights stated by the Art.60 hereof, an alien under
temporary protection shall be granted the right to a family reunion if that right may be
realised solely in the territory of the Republic of Croatia.
Right to family reunion is also granted to a child under age who has not conceived
his/her own family and to a spouse of the alien who has been granted temporary
Temporary protection shall be extended also to members of the families being
Accommodation of Aliens under Temporary Protection
Aliens granted temporary protection shall be provided accommodation, in accordance
with the possibilities of the Republic of Croatia.
Identity Card of an Alien under Temporary Protection
The alien granted temporary protection shall be issued identity card.
Adequate Application of Regulations
The stipulations hereof referring to asylees shall, adequately, be applied to the aliens
under temporary protection.
Limitation of Use of Rights
The alien, who applies for asylum while duration of the temporary protection, may not
use the rights of an asylum-seeker for the duration of the temporary protection.
Records shall be kept about asylum-seekers, asylees, aliens under temporary
protection, travel documents of asylees, identity cards of asylum-seekers, personal
identity cards of asylees and identity cards of persons under temporary protection,
visas and temporary retained travel and other documents.
The records under Paragraph 1 of the above shall be kept by the Ministry of Internal
COMPETENCE FOR PASSING REGULATIONS
The Government of the Republic of Croatia shall appoint a president and members of
the Commission from Article 7 hereof within 30 days from the effective date of this
The minister of internal affairs shall pass regulations on:
- the manner of keeping records from Article 66 hereof,
- the forms and the contents of identity cards for asylum seekers, asylees and
persons under temporary protection, travel documents for asylees and asylum
- the manner of keeping special records on taken finger prints and photographs of
asylum-seekers and persons under temporary protection.
The minister of internal affairs, at the proposal of the minister of social care, shall
pass the regulations about the accommodation of asylum seekers, asylees and
persons under temporary protection.
The minister in charge of social care shall pass the regulations about the amount of
financial support to asylum-seekers, asylees and persons under temporary
Regulations from Articles 68, 69 and 70 of this Law will be passed by the competent
ministers within 60 days from the effective date of this Law.
TRANSITIONAL AND FINAL PROVISIONS
By entering into force of this Law, the provisions of Articles 22 and 59, in the part
related to the status of refugees, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 43, 48, 72, Paragraph
1, and Article 73 of the Law on Movement and Sojourn of Aliens (Official Gazette
Nos. 53/91, 22/92, 26/93 and 29/94) shall cease to apply.
The procedures initiated according to the provisions of the Law on Movement and
Sojourn of Aliens, before the date of enforcement of this Law, shall be finished
according to the provisions of the Law on Movement and Sojourn of Aliens.
The aliens who have acquired the refugee status according to the Law on Movement
and Sojourn of Aliens shall acquire the asylee status on the effective date hereof in
accordance with the provisions hereof.
This Law shall enter into force on July 1
за 2007 год в Хорватии первая десятка беженцев выглядела так
LAW ON ASYLUM
Refugees and the 1967 Protocol on the Status of Refugees (hereinafter: Geneva
Convention ans Protocol), i.e., a person not located in the country of his or her origin,
who due to a justified fear of persecution by reason of his or her race, religion,
nationality, affiliation with a specific social group or political views, cannot or due to
that fear does not want to avail himself or herself of the protection of that state, as
well as a person without citizenship outside the country of his or her former
permanent residence, and who cannot or due that fear does not want to return to that
Croatia on the basis of the competent body`s act which complies with his/her
application for asylum due to the reasons mentioned in Art. 4 of this Law.
By this Law are stipulated the principles, conditions and procedure for the recognition
of asylum and the approval of temporary protection, as well as status, rights and
obligations of asylum-seekers, asylees and aliens under temporary protection, and
conditions and the procedure for revocation of the asylee status and cessation of
temporary protection of aliens in the Republic of Croatia.
Croatia whom the country of their origin is not prepared or able to protect due to
reasons mentioned in this Law, but at most for a term of up to 3 years.
Meaning of terms in this Law